Patrick Signoret is a PhD candidate in comparative politics. His dissertation studies competing criminal organizations and state security forces to explain subnational variation in violence trends in contemporary Mexico (2006–2018), ultimately seeking to understand when and how order and peace arise in violent criminal contexts. Under which conditions did parts of Mexico avoid large-scale criminal violence altogether? And when extreme violence did break out, why and how did it fall back down in some places but not others? He examines in particular how the state influenced these outcomes through security force reforms, deployments, and crackdowns. Based on field trips to northern Mexico and original data on criminal group presence and local security apparatus composition, his dissertation combines quantitative analysis of municipalities with case studies of northern Mexican cities.
Patrick’s main subfield is comparative politics, with formal and quantitative methods and international relations as additional subfields. His broader research interests include Latin American politics, public security, organized crime, and development. He holds bachelor degrees in political science and economics from the Instituto Tecnólogico Autónomo de Mexico (ITAM).